Waithood is a period that many young people find themselves in. The wait for steady incomes, home ownership and marriage has increased over the years. Young people drawn from diverse social classes find themselves waiting longer for the above phases. How exactly do those born and bred in a lower income community wait well? Read More
Digital media affords us so many chances to spread the word on causes, protest and campaign for so many things online. However, it is not yet clear whether all the Twitter hashtags, gripping Facebook updates and YouTube videos effectively and directly lead to real world changes that affect policy and bring forth long term change. The Kenyan situation is even more complex. It is very hard to measure the results of online activism. For instance, there are a number of high profile activists in the class of Boniface Mwangi. They agitate for social change with very captivating media and posts; they have a large following, especially from the Kenyan middle class. One glimpse at their social media profiles and it appears that they are powerful brands. However, are they just potential forces of change that engage a few middle class in online spaces?
Two weeks ago, I passed by the market to buy my beloved plantains. As I was about to drive off, my supplier reminded me that his son had graduated with a degree in economics more than a year ago and was still jobless. His daughter had also followed suit and graduated with a degree in commerce. Unfortunately, she was also jobless. He was optimistic that I was the right person to find jobs for his children. When I suggested to him that it was not such a bad idea for them to think about opening a grocery business like his, he was not too impressed. I provoked him and told him as much as he felt his job was ‘low class’, he had managed to finance the education of his children to university level, surely that was a great achievement!
What is in an accent anyway? Turns out that there’s a lot of things. For some, it is a signifier of higher class and poshness acquired from studying in elite schools complete with elocution classes. For others, it is a source of anxiety and a sign of lower status. Whilst for others, it is a badge of identity that they wear very proudly.
The power to represent Kibera residents has been exercised by various agents within the international and local media spaces for many years. In some cases, even Kiberans have exercised this power over each other. The media representation attracts attention that leads to vast monetary contributions and financial gain for some residents and organisations within Kibera. However, the same representation has led many Kenyans outside Kibera to distance themselves from the negative media image.
A good number of the young Kiberans I interacted with during my PhD fieldwork argued that philanthropy is a white person’s thing and that the few black Africans who donated financial assistance or services always had a political motive. Therefore, their projects were short term and very uncertain.
Donors and visitors to Kibera are very comfortable around the middlemen. They are smooth talkers and well connected to local leaders in the area. However, most of the community members do not trust them. Read More
I smile uncomfortably then I probe further, “What do you mean John?” He points to the sun-streaked café terrace, “We are seated here with a former president’s daughter, a famous political analyst and so many rich wazungu, where did we go wrong to be born poor?”
Well educated, attractive and sultry. She saunters into the high-end pub as young, middle aged and elderly shift uncomfortably to catch a glimpse of her. Her neon pink dress glows like a second layer of skin. It is firmly plastered on every curve of her body. She spots her date and eagerly makes her way to the tall and heavy stock man whose face is sheltered under a fading baseball cap.